Community Structure of In-Stream Bryophytes in English and Welsh Rivers
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Information on the distribution of bryophytes in mainland British rivers was collected as part of the Joint Nature Conservancy Council (JNCC) survey of in-stream macrophyte distribution between 1978 and 1997. A sub-set of sites (1604) containing the 50 most common bryophytes was analysed. The commonest of these 50 species were Fontinalis antipyretica and Rhynchostegium riparioides. The majority of species encountered are not considered to be truly aquatic. Detrended Correspondence Analysis of community structure revealed a continuum of variation in assemblages across sites rather than distinct groupings of bryophytes. Canonical Correspondence Analysis was used to analyse a sub-set of sites (625) for which water chemistry were available to test the influence of environmental variables on the distribution of bryophytes. The analysis suggested the strongest environmental gradient was the transition from lowland systems on chalk geology to steeply sloping, high altitude systems with resistant geology. Mapping CCA axis 1 scores on to a map of England and Wales suggested a geographic trend in bryophyte species distribution with community structure undergoing a transition from the upland regions and the western seaboard to the south east of England. Stepwise regression analysis confirmed the importance of the upland lowland trend, showing that substrate size, altitude of source, distance to source and altitude were important predictors of species richness (p < 0.0001, adjusted R 2 = 0.30).
- Carpenter, S. R., Caraco, N. F., Correll, D. L., Howarth, R. W., Sharpley, A. N., Smith, V. H. (1998) Nonpoint source pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. Ecological Applications 8: pp. 559-568
- Dawson, F. H., J. R. Newman, M. J. Gravelle, K. J. Rouen & P. Henville, 1999. Assessment of the trophic status of rivers using macrophytes. Evaluation of the Mean Trophic Rank. In R&D Technical Report E39: Environment Agency.
- Demars, B. O. L., Harper, D. M. (1998) The aquatic macrophytes of an English lowland river system: assessing response to nutrient enrichment. Hydrobiologia 384: pp. 75-88 CrossRef
- Downes, B. J., Entwisle, T. J., Reich, P. (2003) Effects of flow regulation on disturbance frequencies and in- channel bryophytes and macroalgae in some upland streams. River Research and Applications 19: pp. 27-42 CrossRef
- Grime, J. P., Rincon, E. R., Wickerson, B. E. (1990) Bryophytes and Plant Strategy Theory. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 104: pp. 175-186
- Haslam, S. M., 1978. River Plants: The Macrophytic Vegetation of Watercourses. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Hill, M. O. & F. D. Lozano, 1994. A numerical analysis of the distribution of liverworts in Great Britain. In Atlas of the Bryophytes of Britain and Ireland: Harley Books.
- Hill, M. O., C. D. Preston & A. J. E. Smith, 1991. Atlas of the Bryophytes of Britain and Ireland. Harley Books.
- Hill, M. O., C. D. Preston & A. J. E. Smith, 1992. Atlas of the Bryophytes of Britain and Ireland. Harley Books.
- Hill, M. O., C. D. Preston & A. J. E. Smith, 1994. Atlas of the Bryophytes of Britain and Ireland. Harley Books.
- Holmes, N. T. H. (1999) British river macrophytes - perceptions and uses in the 20th century. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 9: pp. 535-539
- Holmes, N. T. H., Boon, P. J., Rowell, T. A. (1998) A revised classification system for British rivers based on their aquatic plant communities. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 8: pp. 555-578 CrossRef
- Mainstone, C. P., Parr, W. (2002) Phosphorus in Rivers - ecology and management. The Science of the Total Environment 282: pp. 25-47
- Miles, C. J., Longton, R. E. (1992) Deposition of moss spores in relation to distance from parent gametophytes. Journal of Bryology 17: pp. 355-368
- Minitab., 2004. Minitab 14.12.0 Release 14 Statistical software. Minitab Inc.
- Muotka, T., Virtanen, R. (1995) The stream as a habitat templet for bryophytes - species distributions along gradients in disturbance and substratum heterogeneity. Freshwater Biology 33: pp. 141-160
- Newman, J. & F. Dawson, 1996. Guidance on interpretation of the Mean Trophic Rank System for Assessment of trophic status of rivers using macrophytes. Use of the MTR for purposes of the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive. In Environment Agency R&D Progress Report E1/i694/03, 32 pp.
- Paton, A. J., 1999. The Liverwort Flora of the British Isles. Harley Books.
- Reynolds, B., Lowe, J. A. H., Smith, R. I., Norris, D. A., Fowler, D., Bell, S. A., Stevens, P. A., Ormerod, S. J. (1999) Acid deposition in Wales: the results of the 1995 Welsh Acid Waters Survey. Environmental Pollution 105: pp. 251-266 CrossRef
- Satake, K., Nishikawa, M., Shibata, K. (1989) Distribution of aquatic Bryophytes in relation to water chemistry of the acid river Akagawa, Japan. Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie 116: pp. 299-311
- Shaw , A. J. & B. Goffinet, 2000. Bryophyte Biology Cambridge University Press.
- Slack, N. G., Glime, J. M. (1985) Niche relationships of mountain stream Bryophytes. Bryologist 88: pp. 7-18
- Stoneburner, A., Lane, D. M., Anderson, L. E. (1992) Spore dispersal distances in Atrichum undulatum (Polytrichaceae). Bryologist 95: pp. 324-328
- Suren, A. M. (1996) Bryophyte distribution patterns in relation to macro, meso, and micro-scale variables in South Island streams. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 30: pp. 495-517 CrossRef
- Suren, A. M., Duncan, M. J. (1999) Rolling stones and mosses: effect of substrate stability on bryophyte communities in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 18: pp. 457-467
- Suren, A. M., Ormerod, S. J. (1998) Aquatic bryophytes in Himalayan streams: testing a distribution model in a highly heterogeneous environment. Freshwater Biology 40: pp. 697-716 CrossRef
- ter Braak, C. J. F., 1997, 1998. Canoco for Windows. Wageningen.
- ter Braak, C. J. F. & P. Smilauer, 1998. CANOCO Reference Manual and User’s guide to Canoco for Windows. Ithaca: Microcomputer Power.
- Thiebaut, G., Vanderpoorten, A., Guerold, F., Boudot, J. P., Muller, S. (1998) Bryological patterns and streamwater acidification in the Vosges Mountains (NE France): An analysis tool for the survey of acidification processes. Chemosphere 36: pp. 1275-1289 CrossRef
- Tremp, H. & A. Kohler, 1993. Wassermoose als Versauerungindikatoren. Praxiesorientierte Bioinkationsverfahren mit Wassermoosen zur Überwachung des Saurezustandes von Pufferschwachen Fliessgewässern. In Projekt Angewandte Okologie, Landesanstalt fur Umweltschultz Baden- Wurt-temberg. 1–125.
- Vanderpoorten, A., Klein, J. P. (1999a) Variations of aquatic bryophyte assemblages in the Rhine Rift related to water quality. 2. The waterfalls of the Vosges and the Black Forest. Journal of Bryology 21: pp. 109-115
- Vanderpoorten, A., Klein, J. P. (1999b) A comparative study of the hydrophyte flora from the Alpine Rhine. to the Middle Rhine Application to the conservation of the Upper Rhine aquatic ecosystems. Biological Conservation 87: pp. 163-172 CrossRef
- Vanderpoorten, A., Klein, J. P. (2000) Aquatic bryophyte assemblages along a gradient of regulation in the river Rhine. Hydrobiologia 410: pp. 11-16
- Wright, J. F., Blackburn, J. H., Gunn, R. J. M., Furse, M. T., Armitage, P. D., Winder, J. M., Symes, K. L., Moss, D. (1996) Macroinvertebrate frequency data for the RIVPACS III sites in Great Britain and their use in conservation evaluation. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 6: pp. 141-167
- Wright, J. F., Furse, M. T., Moss, D. (1998) River classification␣using invertebrates: RIVPACS applications. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 8: pp. 617-631 CrossRef
- Wright, J. F., Moss, D., Armitage, P. D., Furse, M. T. (1984) A preliminary classification of running-water sites in great-Britain based on macroinvertebrate species and the prediction of community type using environmental data. Freshwater Biology 14: pp. 221-256
- Community Structure of In-Stream Bryophytes in English and Welsh Rivers
Volume 553, Issue 1 , pp 143-152
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors