Hydrobiologia

, Volume 540, Issue 1, pp 69–77

Freshwater marshes as dissolved silica recyclers in an estuarine environment (Schelde estuary, Belgium)

  • Eric Struyf
  • Stefan Van Damme
  • Britta Gribsholt
  • Patrick Meire
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10750-004-7104-0

Cite this article as:
Struyf, E., Damme, S.V., Gribsholt, B. et al. Hydrobiologia (2005) 540: 69. doi:10.1007/s10750-004-7104-0

Abstract

Compared to knowledge about N and P processing in the aquatic continuum of lakes, wetlands and estuaries, knowledge concerning transport and cycling of Si is only fragmentary. Furthermore, Si research in estuaries has mainly been focused on subtidal benthic sediments and uptake and recycling by diatom communities. The biogeochemical cycling of Si in tidal wetlands, which can contain large amounts of Si, has thus far been neglected. We have conducted several whole ecosystem Si mass-balances on a freshwater marsh located in the Schelde estuary (6 tidal cycles, 2 with BSi included). Our measurements show that the freshwater marsh acts as an important source of dissolved Si to the main river (1–18% more export than import, on average 0.114 g m−2). This export is compensated by import of amorphous silica into the marsh (19–55% more import than export). The marsh was shown to act as silica recycler, resupplying biologically available dissolved Si to the estuarine ecosystem. Extrapolations show that during summer and spring months, when dissolved silica is depleted due to diatom growth, almost half of the total dissolved silica load in the main river channel could result from marsh recycling.

Keywords

estuarydissolved silica recyclingbiogenic silicaeutrophicationfreshwater marshes

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Struyf
    • 1
  • Stefan Van Damme
    • 1
  • Britta Gribsholt
    • 2
  • Patrick Meire
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Environmental Management Research GroupUniversity of AntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Center for Estuarine and Marine EcologyNetherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)NT YersekeThe Netherlands