Human Ecology

, 37:559

Conservation as It Is: Illicit Resource Use in a Wildlife Reserve in India

Authors

    • Department of Geography and Regional DevelopmentUniversity of Arizona
  • Kendra McSweeney
    • Department of GeographyThe Ohio State University
  • Anil K. Chhangani
    • School of Desert Sciences
  • Jennifer L. Rice
    • Department of Geography and Regional DevelopmentUniversity of Arizona
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10745-009-9233-6

Cite this article as:
Robbins, P., McSweeney, K., Chhangani, A.K. et al. Hum Ecol (2009) 37: 559. doi:10.1007/s10745-009-9233-6

Abstract

While wildlife conservation efforts have become increasingly aggressive around the world, illicit use of resources in conservation areas has not subsided, raising questions about the ecological character of noncompliance activities. This paper reviews the results of research conducted amongst foresters and households living adjacent to a wildlife sanctuary in India in a period following a ban of human use activities. Using a formal survey supplemented by interviews and participant observation, the research sought to determine the intensity of illicit use, the demographics of resource users, and the attitudes of rulebreakers. The results suggest that noncompliance with conservation restrictions is nearly universal, that forest use is highly specialized, that available village resource assets do little to offset forest use, and that rule-breakers prefer current governance arrangements. These results paint a picture of deeply institutionalized forest use that suggests serious barriers to any simple enforcement solutions or governance reforms.

Keywords

InstitutionsPolitical ecologyCorruptionAdaptationLivelihoods

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009