Human Ecology

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 459–471

Reducing Energy Inputs in the US Food System

  • David Pimentel
  • Sean Williamson
  • Courtney E. Alexander
  • Omar Gonzalez-Pagan
  • Caitlin Kontak
  • Steven E. Mulkey
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10745-008-9184-3

Cite this article as:
Pimentel, D., Williamson, S., Alexander, C.E. et al. Hum Ecol (2008) 36: 459. doi:10.1007/s10745-008-9184-3

Abstract

Petroleum and natural gas are the primary fuels in the US food system. Both fuels are now in short supply and significant quantities are being imported into the USA from various nations. An investigation documented that fossil energy use in the food system could be reduced by about 50% by appropriate technology changes in food production, processing, packaging, transportation, and consumption. The results suggest that overall, farmers benefit as well as consumers.

Keywords

AgricultureEnergy conservationFood packagingFood systemFood transportLand resourcesNutrientsUSA

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Pimentel
    • 1
  • Sean Williamson
    • 1
  • Courtney E. Alexander
    • 1
  • Omar Gonzalez-Pagan
    • 1
  • Caitlin Kontak
    • 1
  • Steven E. Mulkey
    • 1
  1. 1.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA