, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 731-734
Date: 20 Jul 2006

From Biped to Strider: The Emergence of Modern Human Walking, Running, and Resource Transport

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This edited volume reports a symposium held at the 2000 meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. The editors' main premise is that the evolution of human locomotion marked a transition from merely obligate bipedal australopithecines to efficient endurance striders. They suggest that many anthropologists fail to acknowledge the specialized running capabilities of humans (I admit to being one). However, they also recognize that bipedal locomotion has significant implications for resource transport. Thus, the aim of this volume is to present a variety of analytical approaches that reveal how human bipedality facilitates and limits patterns of landscape use, mobility, and resource collection. The book consists of two very distinct parts. The first explores the nature of pre-Homo bipedality, with a particular focus on the morphology of the australopithecine foot. The second addresses various issues concerning behavioral and ecological implications of bipedal locomoti ...