, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 1-9
Date: 22 Sep 2007

The role of organizational factors in the adoption of healthcare information technology in Florida hospitals

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Abstract

This study examines whether specific organizational characteristics, such as hospital size, geographic location (urban versus rural), system membership (stand-alone versus system-affiliated), and tax status (for-profit versus non-profit), influence adoption of healthcare information technologies (HIT) in hospitals. We hypothesize the above organizational characteristics to be related to hospitals’ adoption of clinical, administrative, and strategic HIT, as well as all HIT in general. Using survey data collected from 98 Florida hospitals, we demonstrate that hospital size, system membership, and tax status, but not geographic location, are systematically related to HIT adoption, and that such factors explain about 28–41% of the adoption variance. A mixed pattern of effects emerge for clinical, administrative, and strategic HIT. For instance, hospital size appears to be less relevant for administrative HIT, where its effect is compensated by those of system membership and tax status. Implications for future HIT research and practice are discussed.