, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 45-54
Date: 20 Sep 2007

Effects of short-term heat stress on oxidative damage and responses of antioxidant system in Lilium longiflorum

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Abstract

This paper aims to determine the changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the responses of the lily (Lilium longiflorum L.) antioxidant system to short-term high temperatures. Plants were exposed to three levels of heat stress (37°C, 42°C, 47°C) for 10 h when hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide (O 2 ) production rate along with membrane injury indexes, and changes in antioxidants were measured. Compared with the control (20°C), electrolyte leakage and MDA concentration varied slightly after 10 h at 37°C and 42°C, while increased significantly at 47°C. During 10 h at 37°C and 42°C, antioxidant enzyme activities, such as SOD, POD, CAT, APX and GR, were stimulated and antioxidants (AsA and GSH concentrations) maintained high levels, which resulted in low levels of O 2 and H2O2 concentration. However, after 10 h at 47°C, SOD, APX, GR activities and GSH concentration were similar to the controls, while POD, CAT activities and AsA concentration decreased significantly as compared with the control, concomitant with significant increase in O 2 and H2O2 concentrations. In addition, such heat-induced effects on antioxidant enzymes were also confirmed by SOD and POD isoform, as Cu/ZnSOD maintained high stability under heat stress and the intensity of POD isoforms reduced with the duration of heat stress, especially at 47°C. It is concluded that in lily plants, the oxidative damage induced by heat stress was related to the changes in antioxidant enzyme activities and antioxidants.