Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 261–270

The Role of GIGANTEA Gene in Mediating the Oxidative Stress Response and in Arabidopsis


    • School of Biotechnology and Food EngineeringHefei University of Technology
  • Shaotong Jiang
    • School of Biotechnology and Food EngineeringHefei University of Technology
  • Rongxian Zhang
    • College of Life SciencesNanjing Agricultural University

DOI: 10.1007/s10725-006-0012-8

Cite this article as:
Cao, S., Jiang, S. & Zhang, R. Plant Growth Regul (2006) 48: 261. doi:10.1007/s10725-006-0012-8


The Arabidopsis GIGANTEA (GI) gene has been shown to be involved in the regulation of the oxidative stress response; however, little is known about the mechanism by which GI gene regulates the oxidative stress response. We show here that enhanced tolerance of the gi-3 mutant to oxidative stress is associated, at least in part, with constitutive activation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) genes. The gi-3 plants were more tolerant to parquart (PQ) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated oxidative stress than wild-type plants. Analyses of concentrations of endogenous H2O2 and superoxide anion radicals as well as lipid peroxidation revealed that enhanced tolerance of gi-3 plants to oxidative stress was not due to defects in the uptake of PQ or the sequestration of PQ from its site of action, and that the gi-3 mutation alleviated oxidative damage of plant cells from PQ stress. Moreover, the gi-3 mutant showed constitutive activation of cytosolic Cu/ZnSOD and plastidic FeSOD as well as cytosolic APX1 and stromal APX genes, which at least in part contributed to constitutive increases in activities of anti-oxidative enzymes SOD and APX, respectively. To our knowledge, we demonstrate, for the first time, that GI gene regulates the oxidative stress response, at least in part, through modulation of SOD and APX genes.


Anti-oxidative geneArabidopsisGIGANTEA geneOxidative stress

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© Springer 2006