Research Article

Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 187-202

Towards collection of wild relatives of crop plants in India

  • Anjula PandeyAffiliated withDivision of Plant Exploration and Germplasm Collection, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources Email author 
  • , Ajay Kumar TomerAffiliated withDivision of Plant Exploration and Germplasm Collection, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources
  • , D. C. BhandariAffiliated withDivision of Plant Exploration and Germplasm Collection, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources
  • , S. K. PareekAffiliated withDivision of Plant Exploration and Germplasm Collection, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources

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Abstract

A total of 373 species of wild relatives of crop plants representing 120 genera and 48 families were collected from different phytogeographical regions of India during a mission mode sub-project on Sustainable Management of Plant Biodiversity under National Agricultural Technology Project during 1999–2005. Significant diversity representing endemic/rare/endangered species has been discussed in this paper. The information on phytogeographical distribution, life form, economic types and assessment of threat has also been included. Thrust areas for future target collections and conservation have been discussed to serve as reference for management of genetic resources.

Keywords

Conservation priority Germplasm collection India Phytogeographical regions Potential traits Wild relatives of crop plants