Collection and Characterization of Citrus indica Tanaka and C. macroptera Montr.: Wild Endangered Species of Northeastern India
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Citrus indica and C. macroptera are the wild endangered species of Citrus occurring in northeastern India. Surveys were undertaken in this region for ascertaining distribution, studying variability and for collection of germplasm of these two species. C. indica, an endemic species of this region, was collected from the Citrus Gene Sanctuary located in buffer zone of Nokrek Biosphere Reserve in the Garo hills of Meghalaya. In addition, a putative natural hybrid of C. indica and C. limon was collected for the first time from the south Garo hills. C. macroptera had much wider distribution and was collected from Mizoram and Meghalaya states. In Jantia hills of Meghalaya, natural populations of this species are in a highly threatened state. The two species were unevenly distributed all over the explored territory. Morphological characterization of leaves, fruits and seeds indicated the presence of sizable variability within collected accessions of these two Citrus species. Indigenous technical knowledge gathered on the use and socio-economic importance indicated commercial potential for these two species in northeastern India. However, lack of cultivation of these species and clearing of forest cover at an alarming rate has led to an urgent need to adopt complementary conservation strategies to safeguard these species and to ensure their availability for future utilization. A major emphasis on developing methods for their propagation, multiplication and regeneration in in situ and ex situ conditions is required.
- (1996). Loss of biodiversity and need for conservation. In: (eds) Changing Perspectives of Biodiversity Status in the Himalaya, pp. The British Council, New DelhiIndia
- (1956). Classifications of Citrus fruits of Assam. ICAR Sci. Monograph 20: 1–110
- (1951–52). Habits of man and the origins of the cultivated plants of the Old World. Proc. Linnean Soc. Lond. 164: 12–42
- (1995). Status report of tropical fruit species in south Asia. In: (eds) Proceedings of Expert Consultation on Tropical Fruit Specially Asia, MARDI Serdang, Kuala Lumpur, pp 45–60. IPGRI Office for South Asia, New Delhi
- (1997). Collecting of Citrus germplasm from the Mizoram and Tripura hills of India. Plant Genet. Resour. Newslett. (IPGRI/FAO) 110: 57–59
- (2004). Genetic resources of Citrus of north-eastern India and their potential use. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 51: 411–418 CrossRef
- Singh B. 1981. Establishment of First Gene Sanctuary for Citrus in Garo Hills. Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi.
- (2001). Exploration and collection of citrus germplasm from NEH region (Meghalaya) of India. Indian J. Plant Genet. Resour. 14: 70–73
- Singh I.P. and Singh S. 2003. Exploration, collection and mapping of citrus genetic diversity in India. Technical Bulletin No.7, National Research Centre for Citrus, Nagpur.
- Swingle W.T. 1946. Botany of Citrus. In: Citrus Industry Vol. 1. University of California Press, USA, pp. 129–474.
- (1967). The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: (eds) The Citrus Industry, pp 190–340. University of California Press, Berkeley
- (1928). On certain new Species of citrus.. Studia Citrologica 2: 155–164
- (1937). Citrus fruits of India. Allahabad Farmer 2: 53–57
- (1958). The origin and dispersal of citrus fruits having their centre of origin in India. Indian J. Horticult. 15: 101–115
- (1998). Crop gene pools in the Northeast Indian Himalayas and threats. In: (eds) Managing Agrobiodiversity-Farmers Changing Perspective and Institutional Responses in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region, pp 167–173. ICIMOD & IPGRI, Kathmandu, Nepal
- Zeven A.C. and de Wet J.M.J. 1982. Dictionary of Cultivated Plants and Their Regions of Diversity. Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
- Collection and Characterization of Citrus indica Tanaka and C. macroptera Montr.: Wild Endangered Species of Northeastern India
Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Volume 53, Issue 7 , pp 1485-1493
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Citrus Gene Sanctuary
- Citrus indica
- Citrus macropteta
- Indian wild orange
- Melanesian papeda
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Tissue Culture and Cryopreservation Unit, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, 110 012, New Delhi, India
- 2. Exploration and Collection Division, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, 110 012, New Delhi, India