Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 831–842

AFLP Analysis of the Phenetic Organization and Genetic Diversity in the Sugarcane Complex, Saccharum and Erianthus

  • A. Selvi
  • N. V. Nair
  • J. L. Noyer
  • N. K. Singh
  • N. Balasundaram
  • K. C. Bansal
  • K. R. Koundal
  • T. Mohapatra
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10722-004-6376-6

Cite this article as:
Selvi, A., Nair, N.V., Noyer, J.L. et al. Genet Resour Crop Evol (2006) 53: 831. doi:10.1007/s10722-004-6376-6

Abstract

Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers were evaluated for determining the phylogenetic relationships, and the diversity in the Saccharum complex using 30 clones belonging to S. officinarum, S. robustum, S. spontaneum, S. barberi, S. sinense and the related genus Erianthus. The phenetic tree of the species clones based on AFLP data was consistent with the known taxonomical relationships. AFLP gave higher resolution of closely related species into discrete groups than that by RAPD and RFLP markers, reported earlier. The levels of diversity within the various Saccharum species were also found to be higher than those obtained previously with the same set of clones using RAPD markers. The intraspecies similarity in S. barberi and S. sinense was much higher than interspecies similarity suggesting a clear separation of the two, which are considered ‘horticultural species’. The genetic similarity matrix derived from a single primer combination highly correlated (r = 0.980) with that obtained from all the 12 primer combination used in the study, thus highlighting the efficiency of a single primer combination in delineating species relationships. All the primer combinations could identify markers that are specific to each of the species and the genus Erianthus. Among the species, specific markers were highest in S. spontaneum followed by S. robustum, S. barberi, S. officinarum and S. sinense. Erianthus had a distinct profile with 30% of the total amplified fragments being specific to it. This offers great scope for identifying intergeneric hybrids, which has been very difficult using morphological traits and RAPD markers. High degree of correspondence between the results from the cluster analysis based on Jaccard's similarity index, Neighbour Joining tree based on Sokal and Michener distance matrix and AFTD (Analyses Factorielle on Table of Distances) analysis clearly demonstrated that AFLP markers would be an appropriate tool in providing better information about the relationships among the species, estimation of diversity, and in revealing species and genus specific markers that could be directly applied in sugarcane breeding programmes.

Keywords

AFLPAFTDCluster analysisErianthusPhylogenetic relationshipsSaccharumSpecies and genus specific markersSugarcane

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Selvi
    • 1
    • 2
  • N. V. Nair
    • 2
  • J. L. Noyer
    • 3
  • N. K. Singh
    • 1
  • N. Balasundaram
    • 2
  • K. C. Bansal
    • 1
  • K. R. Koundal
    • 1
  • T. Mohapatra
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Centre on Plant BiotechnologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Sugarcane Breeding InstituteCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.CIRADMontpellierFrance