, Volume 72, Issue 3, pp 161–171

Is VGI participation? From vernal pools to video games


DOI: 10.1007/s10708-008-9185-1

Cite this article as:
Tulloch, D.L. GeoJournal (2008) 72: 161. doi:10.1007/s10708-008-9185-1


This paper examines the relationship between public participatory GIS (PPGIS) and volunteered geographic information (VGI). A brief review of the history of PPGIS reveals similarities between the two but also provides examples of how these two areas have developed in ways that cause the boundaries between them to be unclear at times. As evidence for advancing this conversation, 2 case studies are presented: volunteers mapping vernal pools and park design in Second Life. These case studies demonstrate both the intertwined nature of some aspects of VGI and PPGIS, while also showing some aspects of divergence.


VGIPPGISMap hacksSecond LifeVernal pools

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis, Cook College, RutgersThe State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA