International Journal of Fracture

, 139:383

Orientation dependence of fracture toughness measured by indentation methods and its relation to surface energy in single crystal silicon

Authors

    • Department of Materials Science and EngineeringKyushu University
    • Department of MaterialsUniversity of Oxford
  • K. Higashida
    • Department of Materials Science and EngineeringKyushu University
  • H. Nakashima
    • Department of Molecular and Materials ScienceKyushu University
  • H. Takagi
    • Department of PhysicsNihon University
  • M. Fujiwara
    • Department of PhysicsNihon University
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10704-006-0021-7

Cite this article as:
Tanaka, M., Higashida, K., Nakashima, H. et al. Int J Fract (2006) 139: 383. doi:10.1007/s10704-006-0021-7

Abstract

Fracture toughness of silicon crystals has been investigated using indentation methods, and their surface energies have been calculated by molecular dynamics (MD). In order to determine the most preferential fracture plane at room temperature among the crystallographic planes containing the 〈001〉, 〈110〉 and 〈111〉 directions, a conical indenter was forced into (001), (110) and (111) silicon wafers at room temperature. Dominant {110}, {111} and {110} cracks were introduced from the indents on (001), (011) and (111) wafers, respectively. Fracture occurs most easily along {110}, {111} and {110} planes among the crystallographic planes containing the 〈001〉, 〈011〉 and 〈111〉 directions, respectively. A series of surface energies of those planes were calculated by MD to confirm the orientation dependence of fracture toughness. The surface energy of the {110} plane is the minimum of 1.50 Jm−2 among planes containing the 〈001〉 and 〈111〉 directions, respectively, and that of the {111} plane is the minimum of 1.19 Jm−2 among the planes containing the 〈011〉 direction. Fracture toughness of those planes was also derived from the calculated surface energies. It was shown that the KIC value of the {110} crack plane was the minimum among those for the planes containing the 〈001〉 and 〈111〉 directions, respectively, and that KIC value of the {111} crack plane was the minimum among those for the planes containing the 〈011〉 direction. These results are in good agreement with that obtained conical indentation.

Keywords

Silicon single crystalsurface energyindentationfracture toughness

Copyright information

© Springer 2006