Foundations of Science

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 245–257

Data Mining the Intellectual Revival of ‘Catastrophic’ Mother Nature

Authors

    • CEREGE CNRS UMR 7330Université Aix-Marseille
  • Christophe Morhange
    • CEREGE CNRS UMR 7330Université Aix-Marseille
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10699-012-9299-2

Cite this article as:
Marriner, N. & Morhange, C. Found Sci (2013) 18: 245. doi:10.1007/s10699-012-9299-2

Abstract

Earth-shaping catastrophic events have long focused the attention of the geographical and geological sciences, and captured the public imagination. During the past 40 years, neocatastrophism has emerged as a key paradigm that reflects widespread changes involving cultural, scientific, political and technological spheres. Nonetheless, the extent, chronology and origin of this trend are equivocal. Here, we use Google Ngram to quantitatively explore the recent development of catastrophism. We elucidate a discernable rise in neocatastrophic thinking during the last quarter of the twenty-first century that can be linked to the environmental awakening of the 1960s. It is suggested that these discourses of ‘shock’ and ‘fear’ partly correspond to a media-driven dramatization of natural hazards, exploited by scientists and journalists to attract wider readership.

Keywords

CatastrophismNeocatastrophismDisaster scienceNatural hazards

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012