Effect of methyl testosterone- and ethynyl estradiol-induced sex differentiation on catfish, Clarias gariepinus: expression profiles of DMRT1, Cytochrome P450aromatases and 3 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
- Cite this article as:
- Raghuveer, K., Garhwal, R., Wang, D.S. et al. Fish Physiol Biochem (2005) 31: 143. doi:10.1007/s10695-006-0016-3
The objective of the present study is to observe the effect of exogenous steroids, methyl testosterone (MT) and ethynyl estradiol (EEL) on gonadal differentiation and analyze its effect on the expression of several genes during testicular and ovarian differentiation in juvenile catfish. Exogenous hormone treatments (MT and EEL) were given by immersion at different days of hatching. The histological analysis revealed that the EEL- and MT-treatments resulted in the initiation of ovarian and testicular differentiation, respectively. This is further supported by specific expression of two forms of DMRT1 in the MT-treated group but not in the EEL-treated group at 47 days after hatching (dah). The reverse is true for the expression of ovarian aromatase. Results of the semi-quantitative RT-PCR show that brain aromatase transcript levels are high in 47 dah control (histologically female) and 47 dah EEL-treated fish, as compared to 47 dah MT-treated fish. At 60 dah, brain aromatase showed elevation in its expression. Interestingly, the expression pattern of 3 β-HSD did not show any change in EEL- and MT-treated fish. The present study also provides a strategy to study sex differentiation, for those species where genetic sex population is unavailable.