, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 101-126
Date: 26 Feb 2008

Concentration of Banking Relationships in Switzerland: The Result of Firm Structure or Banking Market Structure?

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Abstract

Switzerland is one of the countries with the highest concentration of bank–customer relationships. The present paper seeks to find out whether this can be explained by the structure of Swiss firms or by the organization of the Swiss banking market. Using survey data from small and medium-sized enterprises in 1996 and 2002, we examine the influence of firm-, loan-, and bank-specific variables on the number of banking relationships. We find that firm and industry structure have the largest explanatory power, while banking market structure and conduct play a minor role. Relationship lending by state-owned cantonal banks and small regional banks tends to enhance the concentration of banking relationships.

This article is based on the research project no. 6476.1 FHS-ET “Lending Relationships Between Banks and SMEs”, conducted at the IFZ Institute for Financial Services Zug, University of Applied Sciences Central Switzerland. It was supported by the CTI: The Innovation Promotion Agency in Switzerland and the Association of Swiss Cantonal Banks, Bern, Switzerland. We are grateful to Christoph Schacht for valuable research assistance and contributions and to two referees for helpful suggestions. The usual disclaimers apply.