Familial Cancer

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 633–639

Limited impact on self-concept in individuals with Lynch syndrome; results from a national cohort study

  • Helle Vendel Petersen
  • Mary Jane Esplen
  • Steen Ladelund
  • Inge Bernstein
  • Lone Sunde
  • Christina Carlsson
  • Mef Nilbert
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10689-011-9459-5

Cite this article as:
Petersen, H.V., Esplen, M.J., Ladelund, S. et al. Familial Cancer (2011) 10: 633. doi:10.1007/s10689-011-9459-5

Abstract

An increasing number of individuals seek genetic counseling and hereby learn about hereditary cancer in the family. Lynch syndrome is associated with an inherited high risk for colorectal and gynecological cancer, but knowledge about how family members at risk perceive their situation is limited. We used the national Danish HNPCC register to collect data on self-concept from 413 individuals with Lynch syndrome. The recently developed Lynch syndrome self-concept scale contains 20 items within two subscales related to stigma-vulnerability and bowel symptom-related anxiety. Significantly higher total scores, indicating a greater impact on self-concept, were reported by females and by individuals with experience from cancer in close relatives, whereas individuals with less formal education scored significantly higher on the stigma and vulnerability subscale. Scores in the upper quartile were more often reported by women (odds ratio 1.8) and by individuals with less education (OR 1.8). This study provides the first extended use of the Lynch syndrome self-concept scale and suggests that the majority of the Danish mutation carriers adapt well to the situation, though knowledge about the increased risk of cancer seem to have a greater impact in females, individuals with less education and those with experience of cancer in close relatives.

Keywords

Anxiety Hereditary cancer Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer Psychosocial Vulnerability 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helle Vendel Petersen
    • 1
  • Mary Jane Esplen
    • 2
  • Steen Ladelund
    • 1
  • Inge Bernstein
    • 3
  • Lone Sunde
    • 4
  • Christina Carlsson
    • 5
  • Mef Nilbert
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Clinical Research CentreHvidovre University Hospital, Copenhagen UniversityCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Division of Behavioral Science and HealthToronto General Research Institute, University Health NetworkTorontoCanada
  3. 3.HNPCC-register, Hvidovre University Hospital, Copenhagen UniversityCopenhagenDenmark
  4. 4.Department of Clinical GeneticsAalborg University Hospital, Aalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  5. 5.Department of OncologyInstitute of Clinical Sciences, Skane University Hospital, Lund UniversityLundSweden