Article

Euphytica

, Volume 156, Issue 1, pp 227-235

Cytology and pollen grain fertility in creeping bentgrass interspecific and intergeneric hybrids

  • Han ZhaoAffiliated withDepartment of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University
  • , Suleiman S. BughraraAffiliated withDepartment of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University Email author 
  • , Yuexia WangAffiliated withDepartment of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University

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Abstract

Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L. or A. palustris Huds.) is a highly outcrossing allotetraploid species. It can form hybrids with a number of other Agrostis species and Polypogon genus. However, cytology and pollen grain fertility of the creeping bentgrass interspecific and intergeneric hybrids are not well known. In this research, chromosome pairing behaviors during meiosis I in F1 and pollen viability of F1 hybrids, as well as seed set rate and seed germination rate of backcrosses were studied in hybrids between creeping bentgrass, and other bentgrass species and three species of Polypogon genus. Abnormal chromosome pairing, laggard chromosomes, and premature segregation in F1 hybrids were found. Pollen viability ranged from 1.6 to 48.5% amongst F1 hybrids, significantly lower than that of the parents (85.5–94.1%). Some hybrids produced pollens of different sizes within the same anther. Seed set following backcrosses using F1 hybrids as the male parent and creeping bentgrass as the recurrent parent was significantly lower than their parents. The study of chromosome paring behaviors and progeny fecundity are important in utilizing the alien genes to improve bio-stress and abio-stress resistance, and in assessing the potential transgene risks of creeping bentgrass.

Keywords

Creeping bentgrass Interspecific hybrid Intergeneric hybrids Meiosis analysis Pollen viability Seed set