Article

Euphytica

, Volume 144, Issue 1, pp 31-38

First online:

Inheritance mode of fruit traits in melon: Heterosis for fruit shape and its correlation with genetic distance

  • Monforte Antonio JoséAffiliated withDepartament de Genètica Vegetal, Laboratori CSIC-IRTA de Genètica Molecular Vegetal Email author 
  • , Eduardo IbanAffiliated withDepartament de Genètica Vegetal, Laboratori CSIC-IRTA de Genètica Molecular Vegetal
  • , Abad SilviaAffiliated withDepartament de Genètica Vegetal, Laboratori CSIC-IRTA de Genètica Molecular Vegetal
  • , Arús PereAffiliated withDepartament de Genètica Vegetal, Laboratori CSIC-IRTA de Genètica Molecular Vegetal

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Abstract

Fruit quality traits were studied in 12 exotic accessions and their hybrids with a “Piel de Sapo” inodorus melon cultivar. The genetic relationships among these genotypes were assessed with 16 microsatellite markers, which agreed with the classification of Cucumis callosus, C. pubescens and C. trigonus as accessions within C. melo. There were very large differences between all the exotic accessions and “Piel de Sapo” genotype for fruit traits. When the hybrids were analysed, three different situations regarding mid parent heterosis were found, depending on the trait: no heterosis (soluble solid concentration), highly variable, from negative to positive (fruit weight and fruit diameter) and general positive heterosis (ovary shape, fruit length and fruit shape). Best parent heterosis for fruit shape was also common among hybrids. A highly significant correlation (r = 0.81) was detected between fruit shape and fruit length heterosis, suggesting that fruit shape heterosis is caused mainly by the enlargement of the fruit longitudinally. A highly significant correlation (r = 0.84) between heterosis for fruit shape and genetic distance, as estimated with microsatellites, was also found. These results, together with the previously reported observation that melon fruit shape is polygenic and highly heritable, makes the genetics of melon fruit shape a suitable system for dissecting the genetic and molecular basis of heterosis.

Key Words

fruit shape genetic distance heterosis melon