Euphytica

, Volume 139, Issue 3, pp 227–247

Plant transposable elements, with an emphasis on grass species

Authors

  • François Sabot
    • UMR INRA-UBP Amélioration et Santé des PlantesDomaine de Crouël
  • Delphine Simon
    • UMR INRA-UBP Amélioration et Santé des PlantesDomaine de Crouël
    • UMR INRA-UBP Amélioration et Santé des PlantesDomaine de Crouël
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10681-004-3179-y

Cite this article as:
Sabot, F., Simon, D. & Bernard, M. Euphytica (2004) 139: 227. doi:10.1007/s10681-004-3179-y

Abstract

Transposable elements are presents in all known genomes so far, and have the faculty of changing their genomic location and/or number of copies within the genome. They are mobile endogenous genetic elements, with a large variety of structure and transposition mechanism. In crops, they compose the major part of the nucleic DNA, up to 80% in some cereals like maize and wheat. Despite their omnipresence, they are largely unknown and uncharacterized within the Poaceae family. In this review, we describe a possible classification of the elements present in this family, some of their known transposition mechanism, their known activity and possible action in crops, and their possible origin.

Key words

evolutiongrassgenome organizationtransposable elements

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004