, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 281-282,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 20 Jun 2012


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The concept of rights figures in both ethical and legal theories. The primary niche of rights is the relation between a state and its citizens. While some theorists find that all rights are legal rights – moral rights are for them proto-legal rights which should be codified –, others think that at least some moral rights are sui generis. Human rights are no doubt the most important type of moral rights. Contrary to national, civic rights, the scope of human rights is global, and its validity is not restricted to particular legal territories. Especially since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations in 1948, human rights became the moral basis for international politics, and also function as a political weapon for poor and oppressed people. A recent development is that the human rights framework is also used as a moral basis for action outside the political sphere, e.g., within the sphere of medicine and health care. While the addressee of right cl ...