Robot caregivers: harbingers of expanded freedom for all?
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
As we near a time when robots may serve a vital function by becoming caregivers, it is important to examine the ethical implications of this development. By applying the capabilities approach as a guide to both the design and use of robot caregivers, we hope that this will maximize opportunities to preserve or expand freedom for care recipients. We think the use of the capabilities approach will be especially valuable for improving the ability of impaired persons to interface more effectively with their physical and social environments.
- Alkire S. (2005). Capability and functionings: Definition and justification. http://www.capabilityapproach.com/pubs/HDCA_Briefing_Concepts.pdf. Accessed March 20, 2010.
- Baber H. E. (2009) Worlds, capabilities and well-being. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. Available online.
- Banks, M. R., Willoughby, L. M., & Banks, W. A. (2008). Animal-assisted therapy and loneliness in nursing homes: Use of robotic versus living dogs. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 9(3), 173–177. CrossRef
- Bringsjord, S. (2008). Ethical robots: the future can heed us. AI & Society, 22, 539–550. CrossRef
- Bynum, T. W. (2006). Flourishing ethics. Ethics and Information Technology, 8, 157–173. CrossRef
- Castelfranchi, C. (2000). Artificial liars: Why computers will (necessarily) deceive us and each other. Ethics and Information Technology, 2, 113–119. CrossRef
- Coeckelbergh, M. (2009). Personal robots, appearance, and human good: A methodological reflection on roboethics. International Journal of Social Robotics, 1, 217–221. CrossRef
- Coeckelbergh, M. (2010). Health care, capabilities, and ai assistive technologies. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 13(2), 181–190. CrossRef
- Cooper, C., Selwood, A., Blanchard, M., Walker, Z., Blizard, R., & Livingston, G. (2009). Abuse of people with dementia by family carers: Representative cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal, 338, 583–586. CrossRef
- Cowan, R. S. (1983). More work for mother: The ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave. London: Basic Books, Inc.
- Datteri E., Laschi C., Salvini P., Tamburrini G., Veruggio G., & Warwick K. (2006). ETHICBOTS: Emerging Technoethics of Human Interaction with Communication, Bionic and Robotic Systems, April 2006, http://ethicbots.na.infn.it/restricted/doc/EthicBotsD1.zip. Accessed December 4, 2009.
- Decker, M. (2008). Caregiving robots and ethical reflection: The perspective of interdisciplinary technology assessment. AI & Society, 22, 315–330. CrossRef
- Dyson F. (1998). Technology and social justice. In: M. E. Winston & R. D. Edelbach (Eds.), Society, Ethics, and Technology, pp. 130–140. Thomson Wadsworth, 2006.
- ETHICBOTS (D5). (2008). Techno-ethical case-studies in robotics, bionics, and related ai agent technologies, R. Capurro, G. Tamburrini, & J. Weber (Eds.), http://ethicbots.na.infn.it/documents.php (accessed January 2, 2010).
- Ezer N., Fisk A. D., Rogers W. A. (2009). More than a servant: Self-reported willingness of younger and older adults to having a robot perform interactive and critical tasks in the home. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 53rd Annual Meeting—2009. http://www.hfes.org/web/Newsroom/HFES09-Ezer-RobotsInHome.pdf Accessed December 2, 2009.
- Faucounau, V., Wu, Y. H., Boulay, M., Maestrutti, M., & Rigaud, A. S. (2009). Caregivers’ requirements for in-home robotic agent for supporting community-living elderly subjects with cognitive impairment. Technology and Health Care, 17(1), 33–40.
- Garreau J. (2007). Bots on the ground. The Washington Post. May 6, 2007. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/05/AR2007050501009_pf.html. Accessed July 13, 2009.
- Graf B., Hans M., Kubacki J. & Schraft R. (2002). Robotic home assistant care-o-bot II. Proceedings of the Second Joint Meeting of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society and the Biomedical Engineering Society. http://www.care-o-bot.de/Papers/2002_RoboticHomeAssistant_Care-O-bot_II_IEEE_Texas.pdf. Accessed July 13, 2009.
- Hansson, S. O. (2007). The ethics of enabling technology. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 16, 257–267. CrossRef
- Hardwig, J. (1997). Is there a duty to die? Hastings Center Report, 27(2), 34–42. CrossRef
- Johnstone, J. (2007). Technology as empowerment: A capability approach to computer ethics. Ethics and Information Technology, 9, 73–87. CrossRef
- Kozima H. & Nakagawa C. (2006). Social robots for children: Practice in communication-care. 9th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 768–773.
- Kozima H. & Nakagawa C. (2007). A robot in a playroom with preschool children: longitudinal field practice. 16th IEEE International Conference on Robot & Human Interactive Communication, 1058–1059.
- Lin P., Bekey G., & Abney K. (2008). Autonomous military robotics: Risk, ethics, and design. Ethics & Emerging Technologies Group at California State Polytechnic University.
- North, A. C., Tarrant, M., & Hargreaves, D. J. (2004). The effects of music on helping behavior. Environment and Behavior, 36(2), 266–275. CrossRef
- Nussbaum, M. C. (2000). Women and human development. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Nussbaum, M. C. (2006). Frontiers of justice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press.
- Nussbaum, M. C., & O’Neill, O. (1993). Justice, gender, and international boundaries. In C. Nussbaum & A. Sen (Eds.), The quality of life (pp. 324–335). Oxford: Clarendon Press. CrossRef
- Onishi N. (2006). In a wired South Korea, robots will feel right at home. The New York Times, April 2, 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/02/world/asia/02robot.html. Accessed July 2, 2009.
- Oosterlaken, I. (2009). Design for development: A capability approach. Design Issues, 25(4), 91–102. CrossRef
- Pear R. (2008) Violations reported at 94% of nursing homes. The New York Times. September 29, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/30/us/30nursing.html. Accessed July 7, 2009.
- Reidy, K., & Crozier, K. S. (1991). Refusing treatment during rehabilitation—A model for conflict resolution, In rehabilitation medicine-adding life to years [special issue]. The Western Journal of Medicine, 154, 622–623.
- Robeyns, I. (2006). The capability approach in practice. The Journal of Political Philosphy, 14(3), 351–376. CrossRef
- Robins, B., Dautenhahn, K., Te Boekhorst, R., & Billard, A. (2005). Robotic assistants in therapy and education of children with autism: Can a small humanoid robot help encourage social interaction skills? Universal Access in the Information Society, 4, 105–120. CrossRef
- Scassellati, B. (2007). How social robots will help us to diagnose, treat, and understand autism. In S. Thrun, R. Brooks, & H. Durrant-Whyte (Eds.), Robotics research (pp. 552–563). Berlin: Springer. CrossRef
- Sen, A. (1993). Capability and well-being. In M. Nussbaum & A. Sen (Eds.), The quality of life (pp. 31–53). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- Sen, A. (1999). Development as freedom. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- Shaw-Garlock, G. (2009). Looking forward to sociable robots. International Journal of Social Robotics, 1, 249–260. CrossRef
- Sparrow, R., & Sparrow, L. (2006). In the hands of machines? The future of aged care. Minds and Machines, 16, 141–161. CrossRef
- Steckenfinger, S. A., & Ghazanfar, A. A. (2009). Monkey visual behavior falls into the uncanny valley. PNAS, 106(43), 18362–18366. CrossRef
- Sung, J. Y., Guo, L., Grinter, R. E., & Christensen, H. I. (2007). “My Roomba is Rambo”: Intimate home appliances. In J. Krumm, G. D. Abowd, A. Seneviratne, & T. Strang (Eds.), UbiComp 2007: Ubiquitous computing (pp. 145–162). Berlin: Springer. CrossRef
- Tapus A., Tapus C., & Mataric′ M. J. (2008). User-robot personality matching and assistive robot behavior adaptation for post-stroke rehabilitation therapy. Intelligent Service Robotics Journal, Special issue on multidisciplinary collaboration for socially assistive robotics, A. Tapus (Ed.), 169–183.
- Terzi, L. (2005). A capability perspective on impairment, disability, and special needs. Theory and Research in Education, 3(2), 197–223. CrossRef
- Tucker A. (2009). Robot babies. Smithsonian Magazine. 56–65, July 2009. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/Birth-of-a-Robot.html. Accessed July 13, 2009.
- Turkle S. (2006). A nascent robotics culture: New complicities for companionship. AAAI Technical Report Series.
- Wallach, W., & Allen, C. (2009). Moral machines: Teaching robots right from wrong. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.
- Robot caregivers: harbingers of expanded freedom for all?
Ethics and Information Technology
Volume 12, Issue 3 , pp 277-288
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Capabilities approach
- Human flourishing
- Robot ethics
- Robot caregivers
- Industry Sectors