Educational Research for Policy and Practice

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 91–103

Assessment for learning in Singapore: unpacking its meanings and identifying some areas for improvement


DOI: 10.1007/s10671-010-9096-z

Cite this article as:
Tan, K. Educ Res Policy Prac (2011) 10: 91. doi:10.1007/s10671-010-9096-z


This article examines the meanings and impact of ‘Assessment for Learning’ initiatives in schools against the back drop of assessment reform in Singapore since 1997. It is argued that Assessment for Learning’ is understood in different ways, and these different meanings do not always benefit students’ learning. The different meanings of ‘Assessment for Learning’ in Singapore are unpacked, and three areas for improvement for Assessment for Learning are suggested—clear standards for effective feedback practices, assessment for sustainable learning and assessment for integrating holistic learning.


AssessmentAssessment for learningAssessment as learningEducation policySingaporeFormative assessment

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Policy and Leadership Studies, National Institute of EducationSingaporeSingapore