Date: 23 Nov 2012
China–Africa development cooperation in the rural sector: an exploration of land tenure and investments linkages for sustainable resource use
- Yongjun Zhao
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
China-Africa development cooperation in the rural sector has received an increased attention by researchers and policy-makers given the advantages and disadvantages of China’s contribution to the local economy. However, there is a lack of more reliable and nuanced findings to provide greater insights into the major issues concerning rural development and resource use. This paper aims to position land tenure and foreign investments linkages as a new research angle for understanding the role of land in sustainable resource use and investments. The paper provides a brief overview of China-Africa cooperation in rural development especially concerning agriculture to illustrate the neglect of critical land and resource use issues in policy and practice. The paper briefly discusses the ongoing land tenure reforms in Africa and the policy gaps to be filled through further research. It also discusses how China’s own development model, especially concerning land tenure reform, shares similar trajectories with Africa, which has important implications for the effectiveness of Chinese investments in African land. The paper concludes that there is an urgent need for lesson learning among Chinese and African policy-makers and investors towards tailoring development cooperation to more appropriate land tenure systems for sustainable resource use to the mutual benefit of Chinese and African stakeholders.
Asian Development Bank. (2011). Soaring food prices again threaten to push millions of Asians into poverty. www.adb.org/media/articles/2011/13534-asian-food-prices. Accessed 26 April 2011.
Agarwal, B. (2008). Collective approaches to land rights. The Broker, (8), 2.
Alden, C. (2007). China in Africa. New York: Zed Books.
Alden, C., & Alves, A. (2009) China and Africa’s natural resources: The challenges and implications for development and governance. SAIIA occasional paper, no. 41.
Alden, C., Large, D., & de Oliveira, R. (Eds.). (2009). China returns to Africa: A rising power and a continent embrace. London: Hurst Publishers Ltd.
Barrows, R., & Roth, M. (1990). Land tenure and investment in African agriculture: Theory and evidence. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 28(2), 265–297.CrossRef
Behnke, R., & Kerven, C. (2011). Replacing pastoralism with irrigated agriculture in the Awash Valley, North-eastern Ethiopia: Counting the costs. London: IIED.
Boateng, O. (2011) Cracking the code: Unlocking Africa’s secret to wealth (pp. 8–17). New African, April, no. 505.
Bosshard, P. (2008). China’s environmental footprint in Africa. Policy Briefing no. 3, South African Institute of International Affairs.
Bräutigam, D. (2009). The Dragon’s gift: The real story of China in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bräutigam, D., & Tang, X. (2009). China’s engagements in African agriculture: “Down to the countryside”. The China Quarterly, 199, 686–706.CrossRef
Chang, H.-J. (2008). Bad Samaritans: The guilty secrets of rich nations and the threat to global prosperity. London: Random House.
Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation. (2010). China-Africa trade and economic relationship annual report. Beijing: CAITEC.
Cotula, L. (2011). The outlook on farmland acquisitions. Policy Brief, IIED, CIRAD, ILC.
Cotula, L., Vermeulen, S., Leonard, R., & Keeley, J. (2009). Land grab or development opportunity? Agricultural Investment and International Land Deals in Africa, FAO, IIED and IFAD.
De Haan, A. (2010). A defining moment? China’s social policy response to the financial crisis. Journal of International Development, 22, 758–771.CrossRef
De Soto, H. (2000). The mystery of capital: Why capitalism Triumph in the West and fails everywhere else. New York: Basic Books.
Deininger, K., & Byerlee, D. (2010). Rising global interest in farmland: Can it yield sustainable and equitable benefits?. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Dekker, H. (2001). A new property Regime in Kyrgyzstan: An investigation into the links between land reform, food security and economic development. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Amsterdam.
Dessalegn, R. (2009). Peasant and agrarian reforms: The unfinished quest for secure land rights in Ethiopia. In J. Ubink, et al. (Eds.), Legalizing land rights: Local practices, state responses and tenure security in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Leiden: Leiden University Press.
Fischer, A. (2010). ‘Is China Turning Latin? China’s balancing act between power and dependence in the lead up to global crisis. Journal of International Development, 22, 739–757.CrossRef
Han, C. (2010). Strengthening China-Africa agricultural cooperation to promote the common development. http://www.gov.cn/gzdt/2010-08/11/content_1677114.htm. Accessed 11 August 2010.
High Level Panel of Experts [HLPE]. (2011). Land Tenure and International Investments in Agriculture, a report by the high level panel of experts on food security and nutrition. Rome: FAO.
Hilhorst, T. (2010). Decentralization, land tenure reforms and local institutional actors: Building partnerships for equitable and sustainable land governance in Africa. Land Tenure Journal, (1), 35–59.
Hoekema, A. J., & Otto, J. M. (Eds.). (2012). Fair land governance: How to legalize land rights for rural development. Leiden: Leiden University Press.
Horta, L. (2009). Food security in Africa: China’s new rice bowl. China Brief, IX(11) (27 May).
Jansson, J. (2009). Patterns of Chinese investments, aid and trade in Central Africa (Cameroon, the DRC and Gabon) briefing pager. Stellenbosch: Centre for Chinese Studies.
Knight, R., Adoko, J., Auma, T., et al. (2012). Protecting community lands and resources: Evidence from Liberia, Mozambique and Uganda. Report of the Namati and International Development Law Organization.
Lumumba-Kasongo, T. (2010). Forward on “China in Africa”. African and Asian Studies, 9, 201–206.CrossRef
Meinzen-Dick, R., Gregorio, M., & Dohrn, S. (2008). Pro-poor land tenure reform and democratic governance. Discussion Paper 3, Oslo Governance Centre, UNDP.
Milimo, J. T., Kalyalya, J. H., Machina, H., & Hamweene, T. (2011). Social impacts of land commercialization in Zambia: A case study of Macha mission land in Choma district, research report. Rome: International Land Coalition.
Moyo, D. (2009). Dead aid: Why aid is not working and how there is a better way for Africa. London: Allen Lane.
Naidu, S., & Davies, M. (2006). China fuels its future with Africa’s riches. South African Journal of International Affairs, 13(2), 69–83.CrossRef
Ong’ayo, A. O. (2010). China-Africa relations: A review of the civil society-academic dialogue process 2007–2010. Perspectives on Emerging Powers in Africa, (4), 2–6.
Peters, P. E. (2009). Challenges in land tenure and land reform in Africa: Anthropological contributions. World Development, 37(8), 1317–1325.CrossRef
Reinert, E. S. (2007). How rich countries got rich…and poor countries stay poor. London: Constable & Robinson.
Robertson, B., & Pinstrup-Andersen, P. (2009). Global land acquisition: Neo-colonialism or development opportunity? Food Security, 2, 271–283.CrossRef
Rubinstein, C. (2009). China’s eye on African agriculture. Asian Times. www.atimes.com (online).
SABC. (2012). Zuma calls for reformed China-Africa trade links. http://www.sabc.co.za/news/a/c769c9004c07b5eb9315bf8b30ab6902/Zuma-calls-for-reformed-China-Africa-trade-links-20121907. Accessed 21 July 2012.
Scott, J. C. (1998). Seeing like a state: How certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Smith, R. E. (2004). Land tenure, fixed investment, and farm productivity: Evidence from Zambia’s Southern Province. World Development, 32(10), 1641–1661.CrossRef
Spring, A. (2011). Chinese development aid and agribusiness in Africa. In Proceedings of the 10th annual conference on the international academy of African business & development (pp 1–12).
Sun, H. L. (2011). Understanding China’s agricultural investments in Africa. Occasional paper no. 102, South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA).
Tan-Mullins, M., et al. (2010). Redefining “aid” in the China-Africa context. Development and Change, 41(5), 857–881.CrossRef
Tull, D. (2006). China’s engagement in Africa: Scope, significance, and consequences. Journal of Modern Africa Studies, 44(3), 459–479.CrossRef
Wegner, L., & Zwart, G. (2011). Who will feed the world? The production challenge. Oxfam Research Report.
Wily, L. A. (2011). Briefs on reviewing the fate of customary tenure in Africa. Rights and Resources Initiative, http://www.rightsandresources.org/events.php?id=526. Accessed 10 December 2011.
World Bank. (2009). Potential social and environmental impacts of commercial agriculture. In World Bank Awakening Africa’s sleeping giant: Prospects for commercial agriculture in the Guinea Savannah zone and beyond. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
World Bank. (2010). Rising global interest in farmland: Can it yield sustainable and equitable benefits?. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Xu, X. (2011). Reshaping the international development discourse. Journal of China Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), 28(4), 22–33.
Zafar, A. (2007). The growing relationship between China and Sub-Saharan Africa: Macroeconomic, trade, investment, and aid links. The World Bank Research Observer, 22(1), 103–130.CrossRef
Zhao, Y. (2008). Land rights in China: Promised land. The Broker, (7), 7–9.
Zhao, Y. (2011a). Engaging China on Africa’s agriculture: Comparative perspectives on land and development (pp. 10–11). The Newsletter, Issue 57, International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS).
Zhao, Y. (2011b). China’s land tenure reform: Time for a new direction? The China Review, 11(2), 125–152.
- China–Africa development cooperation in the rural sector: an exploration of land tenure and investments linkages for sustainable resource use
Environment, Development and Sustainability
Volume 15, Issue 2 , pp 355-366
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Resource use
- Industry Sectors
- Yongjun Zhao (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Globalisation Studies Groningen, Faculty of Arts, University of Groningen, Oude Kijk in ’t Jatstraat 26, 9712 EK, Groningen, The Netherlands