Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 743–758

Environmental movement in the Arab world


DOI: 10.1007/s10668-011-9287-7

Cite this article as:
Djoundourian, S. Environ Dev Sustain (2011) 13: 743. doi:10.1007/s10668-011-9287-7


The paper conducts a comparative study across the Arab world in the Middle East and Africa to determine whether variations exist in environmental performance. Using various indicators of performance, including the 2010 environmental performance index and the total number of international environmental agreements signed, ratified, or accessed by individual governments, the paper concludes that the Arab world is at par with the developing world with its environmental performance. The paper empirically shows that economic well-being determines environmental performance, thus providing evidence to support the EKC-type hypothesis.


Arab worldEnvironmental performanceEnvironmental Kuznets curveInternational environmental agreements

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Deptartment of Economics, School of BusinessLebanese American UniversityByblosLebanon