Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 427–440

Watershed development in India. 2. New approaches for managing externalities and meeting sustainability requirements

Authors

    • Centre for Land use and Water Resources ResearchUniversity of Newcastle
  • Ashvin Gosain
    • Civil Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology
  • M. S. Rama Mohan Rao
    • Jala Samvardhane Yojana Sangha
  • Charles Batchelor
    • Centre for Land use and Water Resources ResearchUniversity of Newcastle
  • James Garratt
    • Centre for Land use and Water Resources ResearchUniversity of Newcastle
  • Emma Bishop
    • Centre for Land use and Water Resources ResearchUniversity of Newcastle
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10668-006-9073-0

Cite this article as:
Calder, I., Gosain, A., Rao, M.S.R.M. et al. Environ Dev Sustain (2008) 10: 427. doi:10.1007/s10668-006-9073-0

Abstract

This paper recognises the need for a revision of watershed development policy in India in relation to the planning of development interventions involving agricultural intensification and rainwater harvesting and the need for new approaches to assist the planning process. Building on, and using as an example, the results of biophysical and societal impact studies carried out on two watershed development projects in Karnataka three new management/dissemination tools, are suggested. These are (1) the web-based geographical information systems exploratory, climate land assessment and impact management tool dissemination tool for disseminating to policymakers and non-specialist stakeholders the downstream impacts of watershed interventions, (2) the ‘quadrant’ approach for ensuring that sustainability criteria are met and (3) Bayesian networks to investigate the biophysical and societal impacts of interventions.

Keywords

Bayesian networksDissemination toolExternalityManagement toolsRainwater harvestingSustainable water resourcesWatershed management

Abbreviations

BIRDS

Bijapur integrated rural development society (an NGO for the Inchigeri area)

CLUWRR

Centre for Land Use and Water Resources Research

DFID

Department for International Development

EXCLAIM

EXploratory, Climate Land Assessment and Impact Management tool

SWAT

Soil Water Assessment Tool

G/B

Green and Blue water

GIS

Geographical Information Systems

HYLUC

HYdrological Land Use Change

JSYS

Jala Samvardhane Yojana Sangha, a World Bank programme responsible for implementing the Karnataka community-based tank management project

KAWAD

Karnataka Watershed Development Society

SCS

Soil Conservation Service

SWC

Soil and Water Conservation

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006