, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 53-60

The development of forced convection heat transfer near a forward stagnation point with Newtonian heating

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Abstract

A mathematical model for the unsteady forced convection boundary-layer flow near a forward stagnation point is considered when there is Newtonian heating on the surface whereby the heat transfer is proportional to the local surface temperature. In a previous paper (Salleh et al. J Eng Math 69:101–110, 2011), a critical value γ c, dependent on the Prandtl number σ, of the heat transfer coefficient γ was identified, with solutions for the corresponding steady problem possible only for γ < γ c. The unsteady problem considered here shows that these steady states are attained at large times when γ < γ c. For γ > γ c, the solution still continues to large time, now growing exponentially with time. This rate of growth is determined by an eigenvalue problem which we solve numerically for general values of γ and σ and asymptotically for large γ and both large and small σ.