Non-Newtonian effects on lubricant thin film flows
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An analysis of non-Newtonian effects on lubrication flows is presented based on the upper-convected Maxwell constitutive equation, which is the simplest viscoelastic model having a constant viscosity and relaxation time. By employing characteristic lubricant relaxation times in all order of magnitude analysis, a perturbation method is developed to analyze the flow of a non-Newtonian lubricant between two surfaces. The effect of viscoelasticity on the lubricant velocity and pressure fields is examined, and the influence of minimum film thickness on lubrication characteristics is investigated. Numerical simulations show a significant enhancement in the pressure field when the minimum film thickness is sufficiently small. This mechanism suggests that viscoelasticity does indeed produce a beneficial effect on lubrication performance, which is consistent with experimental observations.
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- Non-Newtonian effects on lubricant thin film flows
Journal of Engineering Mathematics
Volume 51, Issue 1 , pp 1-13
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- Kluwer Academic Publishers
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- non-Newtonian fluid
- perturbation method
- thin-film viscoelacity