Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 184, Issue 8, pp 4647–4654

Prioritizing organic chemicals for long-term air monitoring by using empirical monitoring data—application to data from the Swedish screening program

  • Anna Palm Cousins
  • Eva Brorström-Lundén
  • Britta Hedlund
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10661-011-2292-3

Cite this article as:
Palm Cousins, A., Brorström-Lundén, E. & Hedlund, B. Environ Monit Assess (2012) 184: 4647. doi:10.1007/s10661-011-2292-3

Abstract

This paper illustrates a step-by-step approach for evaluating chemical monitoring data in air and deposition and for prioritizing chemicals to be included in long-term air monitoring programs. The usability of the method is shown by application to data generated within the Swedish screening program. The suggested prioritization approach uses a novel methodology by combining empirical data on occurrence in air and deposition with publicly available quantitative structure activity relationship estimation tools that predict atmospheric persistence and bioaccumulation. A selection tree is presented, which may be used by regulatory bodies to prioritize chemicals for long-term air monitoring. A final ranking list is presented proposing a prioritization order for inclusion in monitoring programs. Based on the suggested strategy, the chemicals identified as most relevant to include in Swedish long-term monitoring programs were short-chain chlorinated paraffins(C10–C13), perfluorooctane sulfonate, octachlorostyrene, hexabromocyclododecane, hexachlorobenzene, pentachloroanisole, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, pentachlorobenzene, 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene, hexachlorobutadiene, dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, perfluorodecane sulfonate, 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene, and pentabromophenol.

Keywords

Organic chemicalAtmospheric monitoringPersistenceCriteriaPrioritization

Supplementary material

10661_2011_2292_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (431 kb)
ESM 1List of all chemicals assessed in the current study, measured concentration ranges and the results from the evaluation process (PDF 430 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Palm Cousins
    • 1
  • Eva Brorström-Lundén
    • 1
  • Britta Hedlund
    • 2
  1. 1.IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute LtdStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Swedish Environmental Protection AgencyStockholmSweden