Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 184, Issue 1, pp 313–320

Mineral and heavy metal contents of the outer and inner tissues of commonly used fruits


    • Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of Selçuk
  • Mustafa Harmankaya
    • Department of Soil Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of Selçuk
  • Sait Gezgin
    • Department of Soil Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of Selçuk

DOI: 10.1007/s10661-011-1969-y

Cite this article as:
Özcan, M.M., Harmankaya, M. & Gezgin, S. Environ Monit Assess (2012) 184: 313. doi:10.1007/s10661-011-1969-y


The rate of heavy metal pollution in some minor fruit samples growing at roadsides in Turkey were determined by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The mineral contents of samples were found to be different depending on the several parts Citrus fruits. The highest minor and heavy metal levels for Citrus fruits were determined between 17.24 and 45.30 mg/kg boron, 2.08 and 15.05 mg/kg copper, 1.01 and 16.00 mg/kg iron and 2.35 and 9.87 mg/kg zinc. Boron content ranged from 16.54 mg/kg (Deveci pear inner pulp) to 89.89 mg/kg (Arjantin apple outer skin). The level of Fe ranged from 1.49 mg/kg (quince pulp) to 25.05 mg/kg (Ankara pear pulp). Cu content of fruits ranged between 2.52 mg/kg (Fuji apple skin) and 25.93 mg/kg quince skin). Zn content was found between 0.46 mg/kg (Golden apple pulp) and 14.34 mg/kg (quince skin). P contents ranged from 651 mg/kg (Golden apple pulp) to 1269 mg/kg (quince skin). Na was found between 500 mg/kg (Fuji apple skin) and 907 mg/kg (Arjantin apple skin).


FruitsApplePearQuinceHeavy metalsICP-AES

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011