Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 170, Issue 1, pp 519–534

Application of diatom biotic indices in the Guadalquivir River Basin, a Mediterranean basin. Which one is the most appropriated?

Authors

    • Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de Sevilla
  • Julia Toja
    • Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de Sevilla
  • Silvia Estela Sala
    • Departamento Científico Ficología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y MuseoUniversidad Nacional de La Plata
  • María de los Reyes Fernández
    • Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de Sevilla
  • Isabel Reyes
    • Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de Sevilla
  • María Adela Casco
    • Departamento Científico Ficología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y MuseoUniversidad Nacional de La Plata
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10661-009-1254-5

Cite this article as:
Martín, G., Toja, J., Sala, S.E. et al. Environ Monit Assess (2010) 170: 519. doi:10.1007/s10661-009-1254-5

Abstract

The diatom community was studied in 110 sites within the Guadalquivir River catchment area, South Spain, in order to test the applicability of diatom biotic indices developed in other European regions to this site and to provide a useful tool for monitoring water quality in the river basin. We identified 399 taxa and calculated five diatomic indices (Specific Polluosensitivity Index (IPS), Biological Diatom Index, Trophic Diatom Index, Index of the European Economic Community, and Diatom-based Eutrophication Pollution Index (EPI-D)). Since the indices analyzed were highly correlated, their results could be compared. The indices that gave the best results were the EPI-D followed by the IPS, the latter being the most widely used index in Iberian catchments. Nevertheless, the EPI-D presented certain advantages: (1) this index correlated the best with the water chemistry in the catchment area; (2) EPI-D is not sensitive to the presence of taxa belonging to the Achnanthidium minutissimum complex frequently present in the Guadalquivir basin. Nevertheless, EPI-D retains its effectiveness and thus constitutes an easier index for application from a taxonomical standpoint. We estimated the general water quality of the entire basin on the basis of EPI-D. According to these results, 55% of the sites had either high or good water quality. The species that better characterized each water quality category in the study area were: A. minutissimum (high and good), Amphora pediculus (moderate), Nitzschia frustulum (poor), and Nitzschia capitellata (bad).

Keywords

Biotic indicesDiatomsWater qualityRiversSpain

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009