An assessment of the quality of various bottled mineral water marketed in Turkey
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Fifteen bottled mineral waters purchased at random all over Turkey were analyzed for their chemical composition by OPTIMA-2000 ICP-AES Perkin Elmer techniques. Results show a wide spread in the chemical specification of these mineral waters, with differences in chemical composition observed in the regions being due to the geological environment and the majority of bottled mineral waters exceeding the pH limit of Turkish drinking water standards. When the concentrations of elements are evaluated, it can readily be seen that generally there are three types of mineral water in Turkey. The concentrations of Al, B, Ba, Cd, Cu, Cr, Fe, Mn Pb and Zn in mineral water were compared with the limits established by the Turkish Standard for Natural Mineral Waters (Turkish Official Gazette 2004); water standards prepared by World Health Organization (2006) and the United States of America Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) drinking water standards (1993). Such a comparison shows that, except for Ba and Mn, the concentrations of the other heavy metals are lower than the limit of the US.EPA in Turkey. Some parameters examined were found to comprise strong correlations pair-wise.
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- An assessment of the quality of various bottled mineral water marketed in Turkey
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume 139, Issue 1-3 , pp 277-285
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
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- Mineral water
- Trace elements
- Drinking water
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Geological Engineering Department, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Terzioglu Campus, 17020, Canakkale, Turkey
- 2. Sciences and Arts Faculty, Physics Department, Celal Bayar University, Muradiye, Manisa, Turkey
- 3. Sciences and Arts Faculty, Chemistry Department, Celal Bayar University, Muradiye, Manisa, Turkey