Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 136, Issue 1, pp 245–256

Macrofaunal recovery following TBT ban

Long-term recovery of subtidal macrofaunal communities in relation to declining levels of TBT contamination

DOI: 10.1007/s10661-007-9680-8

Cite this article as:
Smith, R., Bolam, S.G., Rees, H.L. et al. Environ Monit Assess (2008) 136: 245. doi:10.1007/s10661-007-9680-8


In the United Kingdom, the use of TBT-based anti-fouling paints on small vessels was banned in 1987, and a biological study of the Crouch Estuary, a yachting centre on the south-eastern coast of the UK, was conducted in order to determine the ecological improvements resulting from this legislation. We present the changes in the macro-infaunal communities along the estuary in relation to declining TBT concentrations between 1987 and 2005. Although the major changes in response to the ban were observed within the first 3 years (primarily an increase in the number of crustacean taxa and a shift in community structure), with changes still apparent between three and 5 years, the temporal duration of this study allowed the rapidity of the response to be truly determined.


TBT contamination Macro-infauna Monitoring Recovery South-east England 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture ScienceBurnham-on-CrouchUK

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