, Volume 125, Issue 4, pp 617-628
Date: 16 Jul 2009

Population genetic structure of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on canola in Iran

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Abstract

The genetic structure of 276 Sclerotinia sclerotiorum isolates representing 37 field populations from four provinces in northern Iran were analysed with six polymorphic microsatellite loci. In total, 80 haplotypes were detected with 19 haplotypes (23.7%) shared amongst at least two regional populations. None of the haplotypes were shared among all four regional populations. Of the 80 haplotypes, 32 haplotypes (40%) occurred in low frequencies represented by only one isolate. Moderate levels of gene diversity (H = 0.51 to 0.61) and genotypic diversity (Ĝ = 12.0 to 22.0; clonal fraction = 0.39 to 0.67) for regional populations were observed. Genotypic diversities (Ĝ) did not differ significantly among populations. All regional populations were in linkage equilibrium indicating the occurrence of outcrossing. Low to moderate levels of population subdivision (0.03 to 0.07), were observed among regional populations. Only one large panmictic population was inferred by Structure, indicating no significant population structure. A Mantel test showed no significant isolation by distance (r = −0.43; P = 0.18), indicating anthropogenic movement of inoculum. The results demonstrated that S. sclerotiorum populations in northern Iran, are randomly mating and have a number of shared haplotypes among regional populations; this possibly represents recent founder populations and/or a high occurrence of anthropogenic migration of infected plant material among populations.