Article

European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 116, Issue 4, pp 301-314

Genetic variability and virulence among Verticillium albo-atrum isolates from hop

  • Sebastjan RadišekAffiliated withPlant Protection Department, Slovenian Institute for Hop Research and Brewing
  • , Jernej JakšeAffiliated withUniversity of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty
  • , Branka JavornikAffiliated withUniversity of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty Email author 

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Abstract

Verticillium wilt, caused by Verticillium albo-atrum or V. dahliae, is an important disease of many worldwide crop species. In Europe, V. albo-atrum isolates infecting hop express different levels of virulence, inducing mild or lethal disease syndromes, and it is therefore an attractive model for studying the virulence of this pathogen. In this work, eleven amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) primer combinations were used to analyze genetic variability among 55 V. albo-atrum hop isolates from four European hop growing regions, as well as isolates from other hosts and V. dahliae isolates. Cluster analysis divided V. albo-atrum and V. dahliae isolates into two well-separated groups. Within the V. dahliae cluster, isolates were separated without host specific grouping, although no host adapted isolates were included. In V. albo-atrum, the alfalfa isolates were distinct from isolates of other hosts, where a high association with virulence was observed in hop and tomato isolates. All lethal hop isolates were genetically different from mild hop isolates. The lethal hop isolates from England and Slovenia expressed the same virulence phenotype, although they showed a different AFLP pattern. The mild hop isolates formed two subgroups, to which isolates clustered irrespective of geographical location. These data suggest multiple origins of V. albo-atrum hop isolates, and the possible appearance of new virulent isolates in the future in other hop growing regions.

Key words

Humulus lupulus molecular markers Verticillium wilt