, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 477-479
Date: 14 Jun 2009

Risk factors of mortality in septic newborns in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Tbilisi, the Republic of Georgia

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Neonatal mortality continues to be a significant public health burden worldwide. Each year 4 million neonates die during the first 4 weeks of life. Developing countries account for 98% of reported worldwide neonatal deaths [1]. Neonatal infections currently cause about 1.6 million deaths annually in the developing world, and the major cause of newborn mortality is sepsis [2, 3]. In the Republic of Georgia, a former Soviet state, little data exists on causes of infant mortality. Newborns up to 8 weeks of age with severe acute illness are sent to NICUs from maternity houses (birthing places) and pediatricians’ offices. No data from the Republic of Georgia has been published on evaluation of the risk factors associated with neonatal mortality in NICUs.

We recently published the results of our study conducted at the NICUs of two pediatric hospitals in Tbilisi, capital city of Georgia, between 09/2003 and 09/2004, in an article by Macharashvili et al. [4] in International Journal of Infectio