European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 19, Issue 11, pp 1005–1010

Country of birth and body mass index: A national study of 2,000 immigrants in Sweden

  • Per Erik Wändell
  • Sari Ponzer
  • Sven-erik Johansson
  • Kristina Sundquist
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10654-004-0159-4

Cite this article as:
Wändell, P.E., Ponzer, S., Johansson, S. et al. Eur J Epidemiol (2004) 19: 1005. doi:10.1007/s10654-004-0159-4

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyse the influence of country of birth on body mass index (BMI) after adjustment for age, educational status, physical activity and smoking habits. Two random samples of men and women, aged 27–60, were used: 1,957 immigrants and 2,975 Swedes, both from 1996. Men and women were analysed in separate models by the use of linear regression. The BMI levels were significantly higher among Polish (0.8 BMI units) and Chilean (0.7 BMI units) men, and Chilean (1.9␣BMI units) and Turkish (1.5 BMI units) women than among their Swedish controls, after adjustment for all explanatory variables. Other intermediate risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as physical inactivity and daily smoking, were also more frequent among almost all the immigrant subgroups. This study shows a strong influence of country of birth on BMI even after adjustment for age, educational status, physical activity and smoking habits.

BMICountry of birthPhysical activitySurvey

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Erik Wändell
    • 1
  • Sari Ponzer
    • 2
  • Sven-erik Johansson
    • 1
  • Kristina Sundquist
    • 1
  1. 1.Family Medicine StockholmKarolinska Institutet, Alfred Nobels allé 12, HuddingeSweden (
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsKarolinska Institutet, Stockholm Söder HospitalStockholmSweden