Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 443–453

Evaluation of Electrokinetic Remediation of Arsenic-contaminated Soils

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10653-005-2673-z

Cite this article as:
Kim, S., Kim, W. & Kim, K. Environ Geochem Health (2005) 27: 443. doi:10.1007/s10653-005-2673-z

Abstract

The potential of electrokinetic (EK) remediation technology has been successfully demonstrated for the remediation of heavy metal-contaminated fine-grained soils through laboratory scale and field application studies. Arsenic contamination in soil is a serious problem affecting both site use and groundwater quality. The EK technology was evaluated for the removal of arsenic from two soil samples; a kaolinite soil artificially contaminated with arsenic and an arsenic-bearing tailing-soil taken from the Myungbong (MB) gold mine area. The effectiveness of enhancing agents was investigated using three different types of cathodic electrolytes; deionized water (DIW), potassium phosphate (KH2PO4) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The results of the experiments on the kaolinite show that the potassium phosphate was the most effective in extracting arsenic, probably due to anion exchange of arsenic species by phosphate. On the other hand, the sodium hydroxide seemed to be the most efficient in removing arsenic from the tailing-soil. This result may be explained by the fact that the sodium hydroxide increased the soil pH and accelerated ionic migration of arsenic species through the desorption of arsenic species as well as the dissolution of arsenic-bearing minerals.

Key words

arsenicelectrokinetic remediationenhancing agentskaolinitetailing-soil

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Arsenic Geoenvironment Laboratory (NRL), Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST)GwangjuRepublic of Korea