Bioaccessibility of arsenic in soils developed over Jurassic ironstones in eastern England
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Jurassic ironstones outcropping over parts of eastern England give rise to soils with arsenic concentrations in excess of the UK soil guideline value of 20 mg kg−1 for residential areas. Total arsenic concentrations were determined for 73 ironstone derived soils and bioaccessible arsenic determined using an in vitro physiologically based extraction test. The bioaccessible arsenic concentration for these soils was found to be well below the soil guideline value with a mean concentration of 4 mg kg−1 and a range of 2–17 mg kg−1. The bioaccessible fraction ranges from 1.2 to 33%. Data from a sequential extraction test based on the use of aqua regia as the main extractant is presented for a subset of 20 of the soils. Chemometric data reduction is used to demonstrate that the bioaccessible arsenic is mainly contained within calcium iron carbonate (sideritic) assemblages and only partially iron aluminosilicates, probably berthierine, and iron oxyhydroxide phases, probably goethite. It is suggested that the bulk of the non-bioaccessible arsenic is bound up with less reactive iron oxide phases.
- Cave, MR, Milodowski, AE, Friel, EN. (2004) Evaluation of a method for identification of host physico-chemical phases for trace metals and measurement of their solid-phase partitioning in soil samples by nitric acid extraction and chemometric mixture resolution. Geochem: Exploration, Environ. Anal. 4: pp. 71-86 CrossRef
- Cave MR, Wragg J, Palumbo B, Klinck BA. 2003 Measurement of the Bioaccessibility of Arsenic in UK soils, Environment Agency, P5-062/TR1.
- Cornell, RM, Schwertmann, U. (1996) The Iron Oxides – Structure Properties, Reactions, occurences and Uses. Weinheim, VCH Publishers
- Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs and the Environment Agency. 2002 Soil Guideline Values for Arsenic Contamination, Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, SGV1.
- Dixit, S, Hering, JG. (2003) Comparison of arsenic(V) and arsenic(III) sorption onto iron oxide minerals: implications for arsenic mobility. Environ Sci Technol 37: pp. 4182-4189 CrossRef
- Goldring, DC. (1974) British iron ores: their future use. Proc R Soc Lond. A 339: pp. 313-328 CrossRef
- Harder H. 1989 Mineral genesis in ironstones: a model based upon laboratory experiments and petrographic observations. In: Young TP Taylor WEG, eds. Phanerozoic Ironstones. Geological Society Special Publication No. 46, Geological Society, pp. 9–18.
- Kearsley A. 1989 Iron-rich ooids, their mineralogy and microfabric: clues to their origin and evolution. In Young TP, Taylor WEG, eds. Phanerozoic Ironstones. Geological Society Special Publication No. 46, Geological Society, pp. 141–163.
- Lombi, E, Sletten, RS, Wenzel, WW. (2000) Sequentially extracted arsenic from different size fractions of contaminated soils. Water Air Soil Pollut 124: pp. 319-332 CrossRef
- Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments. Processess, Tools, and Applications. The National Academies Press, Washington DC
- Rawlins, BG, Lister, B, Cave, MR. (2002) Arsenic in UK soils: reassessing the risk. Proc Inst Civil Engineers – Civil Eng 156: pp. 106-106
- Rawlins, BG, Webster, R, Lister, TR. (2003) The influence of parent material on topsoil geochemistry in eastern England. Earth Surf Processes. Landforms 28: pp. 1389-1409 CrossRef
- Ruby, MV, Davis, A, Schoof, R, Eberle, S, Sellstone, CM. (1996) Estimation of lead and arsenic bioavailability using a physiologically based extraction test. Environ Sci Technol 30: pp. 422-430 CrossRef
- Slater, D, Highley, DE. (1976) The Iron Ore Deposits in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The Iron Ore Deposits of Europe and adjacent Areas 1: pp. 393-409
- Smedley, PL, Kinniburgh, D. (2002) A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Appl Geochem 17: pp. 517-568 CrossRef
- Smith FW, Rendell N, Smith CJ, Underwood BDB, Flett C. 2000 Geochemistry of the Frodingham Ironstone and Lias Mudstones in the Scunthorpe Area, with Particular Reference to Arsenic, FWS Consultants.
- Stumm, W, Morgan, JJ. (1981) Aquatic Chemistry. Wiley, New York
- Taylor, JH. (1949) Petrology of the Northampton Sand Ironstone Formation. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London
- Thompson M, Walsh JM. 1983 Multielement applications of ICP in applied geochemistry, 5.4.4. In editors, A Handbook of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry, Chapter 5, Glasgow and London: Blackie.
- Ward, JH. (1963) Hierarachical grouping to optimise an objective function. J Am Stat Assoc 58: pp. 236 CrossRef
- Whitehead, TH, Anderson, W, Wilson, V, Wray, DA. (1952) The Liassic Ironstones. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London
- Yang, JK, Barnett, MO, Jardine, PM, Basta, NT, Casteel, SW. (2002) Adsorption, sequestration, and bioaccessibility of As(V) in soils. Environ Sci Technol 36: pp. 4562-4569 CrossRef
- Young, T. Sedimentary Iron Ores. In: Pattrick, RAD, Polya, DA eds. (1993) Mineralization in the British Isles. Chapman & Hall, London
- Young TP. 1989 Phanerozoic ironstones: an introduction and review. In Young TP, Taylor WEG, eds. Phanerozoic Ironstones. Geological Society Special Publication No. 46, Geological Society, p. ix-3.
- Bioaccessibility of arsenic in soils developed over Jurassic ironstones in eastern England
Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Volume 27, Issue 2 , pp 121-130
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Jurassic ironstones
- physiologically based extraction test
- sequential extraction
- soil arsenic
- Industry Sectors