Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 21–43

Teacher Efficacy Research 1998–2009: Signs of Progress or Unfulfilled Promise?

  • Robert M. Klassen
  • Virginia M. C. Tze
  • Shea M. Betts
  • Kelly A. Gordon
Review Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10648-010-9141-8

Cite this article as:
Klassen, R.M., Tze, V.M.C., Betts, S.M. et al. Educ Psychol Rev (2011) 23: 21. doi:10.1007/s10648-010-9141-8

Abstract

This review investigates the state of teacher self- and collective efficacy research conducted from 1998 to 2009. Two hundred and eighteen empirical articles published in 1998–2009 were examined for key characteristics and compared to research published in the previous 12 years (i.e., 1986–1997). Results from the review show increases in overall teacher efficacy research, methodological diversity, domain specificity, internationalization, and focus on collective efficacy. Continuing problem areas were a lack of attention to the sources of teacher efficacy, continued measurement and conceptual problems, a lack of evidence for the links between teacher efficacy and student outcomes, and uncertain relevance of teacher efficacy research to educational practice. An outline of directions for future teacher efficacy research is provided.

Keywords

TeachersSelf-efficacyCollective efficacy

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert M. Klassen
    • 1
  • Virginia M. C. Tze
    • 1
  • Shea M. Betts
    • 1
  • Kelly A. Gordon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada