Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 219–246

A Review of Self-Report and Alternative Approaches in the Measurement of Student Motivation

Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10648-009-9107-x

Cite this article as:
Fulmer, S.M. & Frijters, J.C. Educ Psychol Rev (2009) 21: 219. doi:10.1007/s10648-009-9107-x


Within psychological and educational research, self-report methodology dominates the study of student motivation. The present review argues that the scope of motivation research can be expanded by incorporating a wider range of methodologies and measurement tools. Several authors have suggested that current study of motivation is overly reliant on self-report measures, warranting a move toward alternative approaches. This review critiques self-report methodology as a basis for examining alternative conceptualizations of motivation (e.g., phenomenological, neuropsychological/physiological, and behavioral) and related measurement tools. Future directions in motivational methodology are addressed, including attempts at integration or combination of these approaches and a preliminary functional framework for the development of novel, multidimensional approaches to the study of motivation.



Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology, University of Notre DameNotre DameUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Child and Youth Studies & PsychologyBrock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada