Review Article

Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 219-246

First online:

A Review of Self-Report and Alternative Approaches in the Measurement of Student Motivation

  • Sara M. FulmerAffiliated withPsychology, University of Notre Dame
  • , Jan C. FrijtersAffiliated withDepartments of Child and Youth Studies & Psychology, Brock University Email author 

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Within psychological and educational research, self-report methodology dominates the study of student motivation. The present review argues that the scope of motivation research can be expanded by incorporating a wider range of methodologies and measurement tools. Several authors have suggested that current study of motivation is overly reliant on self-report measures, warranting a move toward alternative approaches. This review critiques self-report methodology as a basis for examining alternative conceptualizations of motivation (e.g., phenomenological, neuropsychological/physiological, and behavioral) and related measurement tools. Future directions in motivational methodology are addressed, including attempts at integration or combination of these approaches and a preliminary functional framework for the development of novel, multidimensional approaches to the study of motivation.


Motivation Measurement Children Review Adolescents