Economic Change and Restructuring

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 105–124

Consolidation and Competition in Emerging Market: An Empirical Test for Malaysian Banking Industry


DOI: 10.1007/s10644-007-9022-4

Cite this article as:
Majid, M.Z.A. & Sufian, F. Econ Change (2006) 39: 105. doi:10.1007/s10644-007-9022-4


This paper investigates the effect of bank consolidation on market structure and competition in Malaysian banking industry during the years of 1998–2005. The study evaluates the degree of competition using H-statistic proposed by Panzar and Rosse (1987 Testing for monopoly equilibrium. J Ind Econ 35:443–456). The estimated H-statistics are positive ranging from 0.53 to 0.81 and the Wald test for the market structure for monopoly or perfect competition is rejected. The results imply that the financial institutions in Malaysia earned their revenue in the condition of monopolistic competition with the traditional interest-based market is significantly less competitive than the overall market. The evidence is however insufficient to show that there is an increase in competition due to a change in the market structure. Thus, the findings suggest that additional competition policy is needed to ensure competition in the Malaysian banking market in view of further consolidation in the banking sector.


CompetitionPanzar–Rosse modelMalaysiaMarket structure

JEL Classification


Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhamed Zulkhibri Abdul Majid
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fadzlan Sufian
    • 3
  1. 1.Monetary and Financial Policy DepartmentCentral Bank of MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Monetary and Financial Policy DepartmentBank Negara MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Bumiputra-Commerce Bank Berhad, Planning and Research Department (BCB) and Department of Banking and FinanceUniversity of Malaya (UM)Kuala LumpurMalaysia