, Volume 82, Issue 1, pp 21-22
Date: 27 Apr 2007

Threatened fishes of the world: Hippocampus spinosissimus Weber 1913 (Syngnathidae)

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Common names: Kabayo-kabayo sa kabanawgan (Cebuano), Ji hai ma (Mandarin), Hedgehog seahorse (English). Conservation status: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, VU A4cd; CITES, Appendix II; Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (Australia), Part 13; Wildlife Protection Act (India), Schedule 1; Fisheries Code (RA 8550, Philippines), Section 97. Identification: Colour is variable, maximum height of 17.2 cm, meristics available at (http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca/IDguide.html) and species is not sexually dimorphic by length (t = 0.151, p = 0.88, df = 1567)1. Genetics and morphometrics suggest that H. queenslandicus (Kuiter 2001) be recognized as a synonym of H. spinosissimus (P. Teske & S. Lourie, unpublished data). Commonly confused with H. histrix (Lourie et al. 2004). Illustration by Laurence Richardson. Distribution: Confirmed distributions in Australia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam (Lou