Intra- and Interspecific Competition in Hatchery Landlocked Salmon and Brown Trout in Semi-Natural Streams
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- Vehanen, T. Environ Biol Fish (2006) 76: 255. doi:10.1007/s10641-006-9031-6
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I studied inter- and intraspecific competition in two hatchery stocks: landlocked salmon with long-hatchery background and a heterogenic brown trout stock. These species are potential competitors in the natural environment when landlocked salmon is being restored to wild by stocking hatchery juveniles. Behavioural responses were studied in four indoor laboratory flumes (400 cm long and 37 cm wide) and habitat use in six semi-natural outdoor streams (26 m long and 1.5 m long). Video recordings were used to monitor fish behaviour and electrofishing for fish positioning in the outdoor channels. The study design included five treatments: two densities of brown trout and salmon in solitary and both species together. The results of the study demonstrated that juvenile brown trout changed their behaviour in laboratory streams in response to presence of the landlocked salmon and the density of the conspecifics also tended to alter the habitat use by brown trout in semi-natural streams. Landlocked salmon juveniles showed no response to treatments. I conclude that possible poor adaptive ability to conditions outside hatchery by the hatchery salmon together and more competitive brown trout stocks may limit the success of management action in restoring landlocked salmon back to their natural streams of stocking.