, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 1396-1403
Date: 13 Jul 2011

In vitro effects of perifosine, bortezomib and lenalidomide against hematopoietic progenitor cells from healthy donors

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The novel AKT inhibitor perifosine possesses myelopoiesis-stimulating effects in rodents. We studied the in vitro effects of the novel agents perifosine, bortezomib and lenalidomide in addition to adriamycin against normal human hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) using different clonogenic and non-clonogenic assays. All agents inhibited colony-forming unit (CFU) formation, perifosine inhibiting mainly CFU-granulocyte/macrophage formation and the other agents burst-forming unit-erythroid formation. Perifosine combined with lenalidomide or adriamycin tended to act antagonistically in suppressing CFU formation. Despite their inhibition of CFU formation, perifosine, bortezomib and lenalidomide induced only slight or moderate cytotoxicity in CD34+ selected HPC, as assessed using different assays such as flow cytometry-based detection of activated caspases and immunohistochemistry studies (e.g., Ki-67 staining). In contrast to its myelopoiesis-stimulating effects in rodents, perifosine - like bortezomib and lenalidomide - suppresses the clonogenic potential of HPC from healthy donors in vitro and thus probably plays no role in preventing neutropenia or in shorting its duration after intensive chemotherapy. However, all these novel agents typically induce only slight or moderate suppression of the clonogenic potential or loss of viability of normal HPC at clinically achievable plasma concentrations, assuming that hematoxicity is manageable and functional HPC can be collected after treatment with these compounds.

MSH, ET and IWB designed the study. MSH, RD, BA, PL, AB, CTB and BR performed the experiments and/or analyzed data. MSH wrote the manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.