Investigational New Drugs

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 525–533

Pomolic acid-induced apoptosis in cells from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia exhibiting different drug resistance profile

  • F. C. Vasconcelos
  • C. R. Gattass
  • V. M. Rumjanek
  • R. C. Maia
PRECLINICAL STUDIES

DOI: 10.1007/s10637-007-9064-5

Cite this article as:
Vasconcelos, F.C., Gattass, C.R., Rumjanek, V.M. et al. Invest New Drugs (2007) 25: 525. doi:10.1007/s10637-007-9064-5

Summary

Pomolic acid (PA) is a pentacyclic triterpene which has been previously described as active in inhibiting the growth of K562 cell line—originated from chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis—and its vincristine-resistant derivative K562-Lucena1. In this work, cells from CML patients were treated with PA and the apoptotic index was compared with the multidrug resistance (MDR) profile and clinical status of the patients. Our findings show that PA 12.5 μg/ml at 24 h (p = 0.000), at 48 h (p = 0.012) and at 72 h (p = 0.005) has a potent apoptotic index in CML cells as compared to mononuclear cells from healthy donors. PA was capable to induce apoptosis in cells from CML patients exhibiting functional MDR phenotype but not in P-glycoprotein expression. In addition, PA was effective in chronic as well as in blast phase of CML. Moreover, similar apoptotic index induced by PA was observed in low, intermediate and high-risk Sokal score as well as in samples from the group of patients with clinical resistance to interferon and/or imatinib and non-treated patients. These results suggest that PA may be an effective agent for the treatment of CML.

Keywords

Chronic myeloid leukemiaPomolic acidMultidrug resistanceApoptosisP-glycoproteinMRP

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. C. Vasconcelos
    • 1
  • C. R. Gattass
    • 2
  • V. M. Rumjanek
    • 3
  • R. C. Maia
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratório de Hematologia Celular e Molecular, Serviço de Hematologia, Hospital do Câncer IInstituto Nacional de CâncerRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Imunologia Celular, Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas FilhoUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Imunologia Tumoral, Instituto de Bioquímica MédicaUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Serviço de Hematologia, Hospital do CâncerInstituto Nacional de CâncerRio de JaneiroBrazil