Original Research Article

Documenta Ophthalmologica

, Volume 118, Issue 1, pp 69-77

First online:

ISCEV Standard for full-field clinical electroretinography (2008 update)

  • M. F. MarmorAffiliated withDepartment of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine Email author 
  • , A. B. FultonAffiliated withDepartment of Ophthalmology, Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School
  • , G. E. HolderAffiliated withDepartment of Electrophysiology, Moorfields Eye Hospital
  • , Y. MiyakeAffiliated withDivision of Orthoptics and Visual Science, Aichi Shukutoku University
  • , M. BrigellAffiliated withTranslational Medicine, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research
  • , M. BachAffiliated withUniveritäts-Augenklinik
  • , (for the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision)


This document, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV), presents an updated and revised ISCEV Standard for clinical electroretinography (ERG). The parameters for flash stimulation and background adaptation have been tightened, and responses renamed to indicate the flash strength (in cd·s·m−2). The ISCEV Standard specifies five responses: (1) Dark-adapted 0.01 ERG (rod response); (2) Dark-adapted 3.0 ERG (combined rod–cone response); (3) Dark-adapted 3.0 oscillatory potentials; (4) Light-adapted 3.0 ERG (cone response); (5) Light-adapted 3.0 flicker (30 Hz flicker). An additional Dark-adapted 10.0 ERG or Dark-adapted 30.0 ERG response is recommended.


Clinical standards Electroretinogram