ISCEV Standards, Guidelines, and Procedures

Documenta Ophthalmologica

, Volume 116, Issue 1, pp 1-11

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

ISCEV guidelines for clinical multifocal electroretinography (2007 edition)

  • Donald C. HoodAffiliated withDepartments of Psychology and Ophthalmology, Columbia University Email author 
  • , Michael BachAffiliated withUniv.- Augenklinik
  • , Mitchell BrigellAffiliated withTranslational Medicine, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research
  • , David KeatingAffiliated withDepartment of Ophthalmology, Gartnavel General Hospital
  • , Mineo KondoAffiliated withDepartment of Ophthalmology, Nagoya University School of Medicine
  • , Jonathan S. LyonsAffiliated withWashington Hospital Center Program in Ophthalmology, Georgetown University
  • , Anja M. Palmowski-WolfeAffiliated withEye Hospital, University of Basel


The clinical multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) is an electrophysiological test of local retinal function. With this technique, many local ERG responses, typically 61 or 103, are recorded from the cone-driven retina under light-adapted conditions. This document specifies guidelines for performance of the test. It also provides detailed guidance on technical and practical issues, as well as on reporting test results. The main objective of the guidelines is to promote consistent quality of mfERG testing and reporting within and among centers. These 2007 guidelines, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV: http://​www.​iscev.​org), replace the ISCEV guidelines for the mfERG published in 2003.


Clinical guidelines Electroretinogram Multifocal electroretinogram