Date: 20 Jun 2014

High-Definition White-Light (HDWL) Colonoscopy and Higher Adenoma Detection Rate and the Potential for Paradoxical Over Surveillance

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Abstract

Background

Patients undergoing high-definition white-light colonoscopy by a high adenoma detector may have a lower risk of interval adenoma detection on follow-up colonoscopy and may require less frequent follow-up but may paradoxically be assigned to more frequent surveillance when more adenomas are detected.

Aims

To evaluate whether high-definition white-light colonoscopy (vs. standard-definition white-light colonoscopy) and endoscopist adenoma detection rate (ADR) at index colonoscopy are associated with increased likelihood of adenomas at follow-up.

Methods

Longitudinal follow-up of prior cross-section cohort study of patients who underwent colonoscopy at baseline with at least one detected adenoma was included. Associations of type of white-light at index colonoscopy and the ADR of the endoscopist at index colonoscopy (high vs. low adenoma detector) were evaluated with various adenoma and polyp detection endpoints. Eighteen endoscopists were classified as high and low adenoma detectors based on the median ADR of 0.255.

Results

There were no significant differences in subsequent interval adenoma or polyp detection endpoints with regard to whether baseline exam was performed with high-definition white-light or standard-definition white-light colonoscopy nor between high and low ADR after adjusting for multiple testing (P ≤ 0.0029 considered significant). Prior to multiple testing adjustment, there was a significantly lower detection rate of hyperplastic polyps in the left colon (24 vs. 35 %, OR: 0.56, P = 0.033) at follow-up colonoscopy when baseline exam was performed with high-definition white-light index colonoscopy.

Conclusions

The results of this study do not support adjusting colonoscopy surveillance guidelines based on type of colonoscopy performed or the endoscopist’s ADR.