Increasing Colorectal Cancer Burden Among Young US Hispanics: Is It Time to Change Current Screening Guidelines?
- Marcia Cruz-Correa
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Background and Significance
The disease burden for colorectal cancer (CRC) varies considerably according to race and ethnicity. A variety of factors, including adherence to CRC screening, are thought to contribute to the racial/ethnic differences in CRC incidence and mortality . In the US, African Americans (A–A) have the highest incidence CRC and the lowest survival rates compared with other racial groups; Hispanics are diagnosed at a later stage and have worse survival compared to with non-Hispanic whites (NHW) [2, 3]. Since Hispanics, compared with NHW and A–A have lower CRC screening rates, they are less likely to be diagnosed at early stages, reducing survival rates . Moreover, since CRC is ranked as one of the top-three causes of cancer-related deaths in US Hispanics, it is a major cause of mortality in this population .
Recent epidemiological studies have reported an increase in the incidence of sporadic early onset (<50 years old) CRC despite a decrease in the incidence
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- Increasing Colorectal Cancer Burden Among Young US Hispanics: Is It Time to Change Current Screening Guidelines?
Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume 58, Issue 7 , pp 1816-1818
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- Springer US
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- 1. University of Puerto Rico Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA